Ewden Beck ring-cairn.

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1010769

Date first listed: 04-Aug-1933

Date of most recent amendment: 04-Sep-1991

Map

Ordnance survey map of Ewden Beck ring-cairn.
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Sheffield (Metropolitan Authority)

Parish: Bradfield

National Park: PEAK DISTRICT

National Grid Reference: SK 23820 96649

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

A ring cairn is a Prehistoric ritual monument comprising a circular bank of stones up to 20m in diameter surrounding a hollow central area. The bank may be kerbed on the inside, and sometimes the outside as well, with small uprights or laid boulders. Within the central hollow area may be charcoal- filled pits and sometimes burials, occasionally under small mounds. Ring cairns are found mainly in upland areas of England and are mostly discovered and authenticated by fieldwork and ground level survey, although a few are large enough to be visible on aerial photographs. They often occur in pairs or small groups of up to four sites. Occasionally they lie within round barrow cemeteries. Ring cairns are traditionally interpreted as ritual monuments of early and middle Bronze Age date. The exact nature of the rituals concerned is not fully understood, but burial and rites in celebration of the dead were undertaken at some examples. Evidence for this activity includes pits, some of which contain burials. Often, however, excavation reveals some of the pits to contain charcoal, sometimes with fragments of pottery and other objects mixed in. Hearths, usually recorded as areas of burning, are fairly common within ring cairns, as too are stone settings comprising lines or arcs of slabs or boulders which appear to have been deliberately arranged as such. White quartz pebbles have also been noted at some ring cairns. The number of ring cairns in England is not accurately known, largely because not all upland areas have been adequately surveyed. However available evidence indicates a population of between 250 and 500 known examples. As a relatively rare class of monument exhibiting considerable variation in form, a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of preservation. The Ewden Beck ring cairn is well preserved and will retain considerable information relating to its original form and use. Its importance is enhanced by its close proximity to a nationally important barrow cemetery and cross dyke.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The site lies just south of Ewden Beck and c.100m north of Ewden Beck round- barrow cemetery and cross-dyke. It consists of four 0.5m high boulders set within a circular rubble bank measuring c.20m in diameter. Although the site has not been excavated, its overall appearance and its location identify it as a ring-cairn, a form of early and middle Bronze Age ritual monument.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 13250

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
The Victoria History of the County of Yorkshire: Volume II, (1912), 57

End of official listing