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Peel Hall moated site, Kingsley

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Peel Hall moated site, Kingsley

List entry Number: 1010795

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Cheshire West and Chester

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Kingsley

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 27-Jun-1991

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 13461

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Peel Hall moated site survives well and is a good example of the site of a medieval moated mansion house. The monument retains considerable archaeological potential for the survival of evidence of the structural foundations of two earlier building phases of Peel Hall beneath the present house and lawns.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument comprises an attractive and well maintained moated site, the island of which is occupied by Peel Hall, its outbuildings and lawns. The island measures c.35m square and is raised above the level of the surrounding fields. It is surrounded by a spring-fed waterlogged moat c.9m max. width x 1.8m deep that has been lined with a sandstone wall. The moat widens close to the N corner where provision was made for cattle watering. There are two bridges affording access, that across the NW arm is of sandstone and brick, while the bridge across the SW arm has ornate pinnacled cast-iron posts. The monument has been landscaped with the addition of an ornamental circular island with access via a footbridge close to the W corner. Peel Hall was the ancient seat of the Ardernes family but was burnt down sometime after 1663. A new house was built and this in turn was replaced by the present structure c.1840. Both bridges and the sandstone wall lining the moat are Grade II Listed. The hall and its outbuildings; both bridges and the sandstone wall lining the moat; a path from the bridge over the SW arm to the hall; and all fences and walls flanking the monument are excluded from the scheduling. The ground beneath all these features, however, is included. The ornamental island in the moat is included as any works on it will disturb other remains in the moat. The footbridge which allows access to it is excluded.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Hanshall, JH, History of Cheshire, (1817), 453
Other
10/10/1990, Gleave, Mr T ,
Darvill, T, MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Moats, (1989)
DOE, List of Buildings of Historic & Architectural Interest,
SMR No. 976/1, Cheshire SMR, Peel Hall, (1988)

National Grid Reference: SJ 54038 75529

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1010795 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 20-Nov-2017 at 01:47:22.

End of official listing