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Moated site and associated remains, west of Hooks Green Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Moated site and associated remains, west of Hooks Green Farm

List entry Number: 1010912

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hertfordshire

District: North Hertfordshire

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Clothall

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 11-Mar-1977

Date of most recent amendment: 11-Apr-1991

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 11517

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moat has a particular significance through its close association with the contemporary deserted medieval settlement at nearby Clothall. Extensive related remains of buildings around the moat as well as horticultural earthworks and ditches indicate that settlement at this site developed in importance through time.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a trapezoidal moated site and associated earthworks near the crest of Hickmans Hill, Clothall. The moat is aligned east-west with a single causeway facing south. The site has maximum external dimensions of about 90m and tapers to 60m on the western side. The moat is up to 5m wide and 1.5m deep and although not water filled shows signs of dampness. There is also a dry feeder channel 18m long connecting with a fishpond on the north-west corner of the moat. The moat is surrounded by an outer bank on all but the southern side. Opposite the entrance on the north-western side of the island is an area of uneven ground which marks structural evidence for earlier buildings. A low terrace platform about 8m wide extends along the eastern side of the moat. In the field east of the moat are a series of features including a linear earthwork 0.5m high and 6m wide. There are also a number of ditches crossing the field which form an integral part of the water management complex.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
Title: RCHM Survey Source Date: 1910 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:

National Grid Reference: TL 27125 31497

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1010912 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 25-Nov-2017 at 12:15:18.

End of official listing