Bowl barrow 330m north of Grim's Ditch, near Tidpit Common

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011000

Date first listed: 27-Jun-1973

Date of most recent amendment: 01-Aug-1995

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 330m north of Grim's Ditch, near Tidpit Common
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: New Forest (District Authority)

Parish: Martin

National Grid Reference: SU 06480 18431

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The barrow 330m north of Grim's Ditch survives well as one of the numerous Bronze Age monuments constructed on Martin Down. These have recently been the subject of a detailed survey by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. Despite evidence of antiquarian excavation, the barrow and quarry ditch will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the construction and use of the monument.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a Bronze Age bowl barrow north of Grim's Ditch where it runs west towards Bokerley Dyke from Tidpit Common Down. The barrow lies on a north east facing slope within the Martin Down National Nature Reserve. The barrow has a mound c.20m in diameter. The north side of the barrow drops steeply away and is thought to have been cut by a later field boundary, part of a field system otherwise no longer visible on the ground. This has resulted in the mound having a height of c.6m above ground level to the north, although to the south it rises to c.2m above the adjoining ground level. Surrounding the barrow mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. This has largely become infilled over the years, but survives as a 3.5m wide and 0.4m deep depression at the south west side of the barrow. Elsewhere it survives as a buried feature. A large hollow in the centre of the barrow mound marks the probable site of antiquarian excavation, of which there are no known records. All fencing and associated posts are excluded from the scheduling, but the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 24342

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
SU 01NE 36, (1984)

End of official listing