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Medieval boundary stone, 1.1km south-east of Callaly Crag

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Medieval boundary stone, 1.1km south-east of Callaly Crag

List entry Number: 1011093

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Northumberland

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Callaly

County:

District: Northumberland

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Whittingham

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 04-Feb-1994

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 20990

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Boundary stones have a long history of use in the definition of the extent of land holdings, especially in places where the boundary was most contentious or less well defined by other features. The church was one of the earliest users of single marker stones to delineate the extent of their holdings. The very earliest examples, dating from the 6th and 7th centuries AD, were used to define sanctified areas such as the extent of graveyards or the bounds of a monastic site. Subsequently in the medieval period they were used to mark more extensive ecclesiastical land holdings. They are important monuments which often provide our only source of information about past territorial divisions of the landscape. Boundary stones were once more common than they are today and are frequently referred to in medieval and post medieval documents, but most were simple and undecorated. Single, decorated boundary stones exist in certain areas, but groups of well preserved decorated stones like those on Callaly Moor, designed to be closely set along a boundary are rare. The group of stones on Callaly Moor date from between AD 1050 and AD 1250 and are the only known group in Northumberland, paralleled elsewhere by only three examples in Yorkshire, Humberside and Lincolnshire, marking ecclesiastical sanctuaries.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a decorated boundary stone of medieval date situated on the edge of Old Thrunton Woods. The stone is one of a group of four in the area. It is composed of local grey/brown limestone and is 1.35m high and 0.4m broad and is 0.2m thick. The top of the stone has been damaged and a triangular section is missing. It has a simple straight armed cross cut into the top of its south-west face. The form of the cross indicates that it dates from the mid 11th to mid 13th century AD. This stone, along with three others, are thought to mark the limits of an area of land at Thrunton which was donated to Brinkburn Priory in the mid 13th century. On such an area of featureless, but well used, moorland some form of artificial boundary marker may have been required.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Nieke, M R, Callally Moor Field Survey, (1987), 2
Other
Stocker, D, (1992)

National Grid Reference: NU 07083 08660

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1011093 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 24-Nov-2017 at 05:08:07.

End of official listing