Group of round cairns, 40m east of Hob's Nick

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011099

Date first listed: 04-Feb-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Group of round cairns, 40m east of Hob's Nick
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Northumberland (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Callaly

National Grid Reference: NU 05965 09107

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairn cemeteries date to the Bronze Age. They comprise groups of cairns sited in close proximity to one another and take the form of stone mounds constructed to cover single or multiple burials. Contemporary or later `flat' graves may lie between individual cairns. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time and they can exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form. Occasionally they are associated with earlier long cairns. They may also be associated with clearance cairns - heaps of stones cleared from the adjacent ground surface to improve its quality for agricultural activities; these were also being constructed during the Bronze Age, although some examples are of later date. It may be impossible without excavation to distinguish between some burial and clearance cairns. Round cairn cemeteries occur throughout most of upland Britain; their distribution pattern complements that of contemporary lowland earthen round barrows. Often occupying prominent locations they are a major historic element in the modern landscape. Their diversity and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of preservation.

The group of round cairns near Hob's Nick are well preserved and a good example of a small cairn cemetery. The importance of the monument is enhanced by the survival of further Bronze Age settlement and funerary remains in the vicinity.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a group of Bronze Age cairns situated on the southern edge of a spur immediately above steep west facing slopes. There are at least five cairns in a line orientated south-east to north-west. The central cairn, which is the most visible cairn in the group, is 8m in diameter and 0.8m high; to the east of it there is a second cairn 9m in diameter and 0.5m high. Between these cairns there is a small cairn measuring 4.5m in diamater by 0.3m high. This last cairn has a peripheral stone kerb formed of large boulders. Immediately to the west of the central cairn there are a further two cairns, heavily obscured by heather; these are both are 8m in diameter and 0.8m high.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 20996

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
2662,

End of official listing