Round cairn, 720m WNW of Ray Cottages

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011108

Date first listed: 01-Dec-1993

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round cairn, 720m WNW of Ray Cottages
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Northumberland (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Kirkwhelpington

National Grid Reference: NY 96263 86002

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The round cairn west of Ray Cottages survives well and retains substantial and significant archaeological deposits.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a round cairn of Bronze Age date situated on a slight natural knoll on the edge of a forestry plantation. The cairn, composed of earth and stone, is 9m in diameter and 1.2m high. At the centre of the cairn there is a small, shallow hole, the result either of unrecorded limited exploration of the centre of the cairn or the removal of a tree. Several large stones have been piled into and on top of this hollow. The area includes a margin of 2m on all sides except on the west where the constraint line is drawn along the foot of the plantation fence line.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 21004

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
NY 98 NE 05,

End of official listing