Gallowsclough Cob bowl barrow


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011121

Date first listed: 10-Jan-1962

Date of most recent amendment: 01-Sep-1993


Ordnance survey map of Gallowsclough Cob bowl barrow
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cheshire West and Chester (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Oakmere

National Grid Reference: SJ 57001 71350


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite a combination of limited excavation and spreading of the monument by ploughing, Gallowsclough Cob bowl barrow survives reasonably well. This excavation located human remains, and further evidence of interments will exist within the mound and upon the old landsurface beneath.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument is Gallowsclough Cob bowl barrow. It is located on a local high point and includes an oval-shaped earthen mound up to 0.8m high with maximum dimensions of 30m by 23m. Limited excavation in 1960 found the barrow to be kerbed with turf. This excavation located the primary cremation burial of a young adult approximately 2m south-south-west of the barrow's centre, and an incomplete secondary burial consisting of various parts of an adult skeleton near the top of the barrow.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 22594

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Forde-Jonston, , 'Trans Lancs & Chesh Antiq Soc' in , , Vol. 70, (1960), 74-83
Ormerod, G, 'History of Cheshire' in History of Cheshire, , Vol. 2, (1882), 2
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)
Ref No. SJ 57 SE 2, Ordnance Survey, Gallowsclough Cob Round Barrow With Primary & Secondary Burials, (1976)

End of official listing