Gallowsclough Cob bowl barrow
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
- Date of most recent amendment:
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This copy shows the entry on 22-Oct-2019 at 11:59:01.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- Cheshire West and Chester (Unitary Authority)
- National Grid Reference:
- SJ 57001 71350
Reasons for Designation
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
Despite a combination of limited excavation and spreading of the monument by ploughing, Gallowsclough Cob bowl barrow survives reasonably well. This excavation located human remains, and further evidence of interments will exist within the mound and upon the old landsurface beneath.
The monument is Gallowsclough Cob bowl barrow. It is located on a local high
point and includes an oval-shaped earthen mound up to 0.8m high with maximum
dimensions of 30m by 23m. Limited excavation in 1960 found the barrow to be
kerbed with turf. This excavation located the primary cremation burial of a
young adult approximately 2m south-south-west of the barrow's centre, and an
incomplete secondary burial consisting of various parts of an adult skeleton
near the top of the barrow.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
Books and journals
Forde-Jonston, , 'Trans Lancs & Chesh Antiq Soc' in , , Vol. 70, (1960), 74-83
Ormerod, G, 'History of Cheshire' in History of Cheshire, , Vol. 2, (1882), 2
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)
Ref No. SJ 57 SE 2, Ordnance Survey, Gallowsclough Cob Round Barrow With Primary & Secondary Burials, (1976)
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing