Bowl barrow 230m NNE of Quarry Farm: part of the Redhill round barrow cemetery
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
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This copy shows the entry on 29-Feb-2020 at 13:39:17.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- North Somerset (Unitary Authority)
- National Grid Reference:
- ST 50568 63860
Reasons for Designation
Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.
Despite having been levelled by ploughing during the Second World War, the bowl barrow 230m NNE of Quarry Farm will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monmument and the landscape in which it was constructed. Such evidence will survive both in buried features, such as the ditch and buried pit, and on the old ground surface which lies below the depth of the disturbed topsoil. The barrow forms an integral part of one of only three round barrow cemeteries known in the county of Avon.
The monument includes a levelled bowl barrow forming part of a wider round
barrow cemetery and situated on a terrace on the north-facing slope of
Redhill, 230m NNE of Quarry Farm.
Although the barrow mound was levelled by ploughing during the Second World
War, the encircling ditch or `ring ditch` can still be identified on aerial
photographs defining an area c.15m across. It was from the ditch that material
was quarried during the construction of the monument. This has subsequently
become infilled but survives as a buried feature c.2m wide.
The monument is one of at least six bowl barrows which originally formed the
round barrow cemetery at Redhill.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
Description of the barrow cemetery,
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing