Bowl barrow 230m NNE of Quarry Farm: part of the Redhill round barrow cemetery

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011129

Date first listed: 16-Mar-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 230m NNE of Quarry Farm: part of the Redhill round barrow cemetery
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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This copy shows the entry on 16-Oct-2018 at 23:52:26.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: North Somerset (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Wrington

National Grid Reference: ST 50568 63860

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite having been levelled by ploughing during the Second World War, the bowl barrow 230m NNE of Quarry Farm will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monmument and the landscape in which it was constructed. Such evidence will survive both in buried features, such as the ditch and buried pit, and on the old ground surface which lies below the depth of the disturbed topsoil. The barrow forms an integral part of one of only three round barrow cemeteries known in the county of Avon.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a levelled bowl barrow forming part of a wider round barrow cemetery and situated on a terrace on the north-facing slope of Redhill, 230m NNE of Quarry Farm. Although the barrow mound was levelled by ploughing during the Second World War, the encircling ditch or `ring ditch` can still be identified on aerial photographs defining an area c.15m across. It was from the ditch that material was quarried during the construction of the monument. This has subsequently become infilled but survives as a buried feature c.2m wide. The monument is one of at least six bowl barrows which originally formed the round barrow cemetery at Redhill.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 22834

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Description of the barrow cemetery,

End of official listing