Round cairn on Reed Hill

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1011161
Date first listed:
18-Oct-1993

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round cairn on Reed Hill
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District:
Cheshire East (Unitary Authority)
Parish:
Lyme Handley
National Park:
PEAK DISTRICT
National Grid Reference:
SJ 97812 79850

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite minor disturbance to the monument by early 20th century excavation, the round cairn on Reed Hill survives reasonably well. This excavation located human remains, and further evidence of interments will exist within the mound and upon the old landsurface beneath.

Details

The monument is a round cairn located on the summit of Reed Hill. It includes a slightly oval-shaped mound of partly turf-covered stones up to 1.4m high with maximum dimensions of 16m by 15m. Limited early 20th century excavation of the cairn located the primary central gritstone cist containing a mass of cremated human bones. A secondary cist was located but found to have been previously emptied.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
23609
Legacy System:
RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Andrew, W J, 'Trans Lancs & Chesh Ant Soc' in , , Vol. 30, (1912), 184-94
Other
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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