Bowl barrow on Masson Hill

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011201

Date first listed: 27-Jan-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow on Masson Hill
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Derbyshire

District: Derbyshire Dales (District Authority)

Parish: Bonsall

National Grid Reference: SK 28607 58670

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow on Masson Hill is a very well preserved example which appears to have suffered very little disturbance and so retains intact archaeological remains throughout.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

Masson Hill is located on the south-eastern edge of the limestone plateau of Derbyshire. The monument is a roughly circular bowl barrow comprising a squat mound with a diameter of 19m by 20m and a maximum height of 1.5m. Around the outside of the mound is a 2m wide construction ditch. There has been no recorded excavation of the barrow which, due to its hilltop location and similarity to others of the period, has been dated to the Bronze Age. The barrow commands wide views over all the surrounding countryside and is mutually visible with Minninglow, 1.5km to the west. The stone base of a trig point and the drystone wall crossing the edge of the monument are excluded from the scheduling although the ground underneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 3 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 23293

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Marsden, B M, The Burial Mounds of Derbyshire , (1977), 22

End of official listing