Two stone hut circles 1000m north of Standon Down

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011229

Date first listed: 04-Nov-1993

Map

Ordnance survey map of Two stone hut circles 1000m north of Standon Down
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Peter Tavy

National Park: DARTMOOR

National Grid Reference: SX 55443 82583

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other monument types provide important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The two stone hut circles 1000m north of Standon Down survive comparatively well and lie within a large expanse of blanket peat which contains important environmental information. Archaeological structures, features and deposits will provide a valuable insight into the economy of the site's inhabitants and the landscape in which they lived.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument includes two stone hut circles aligned east-west and situated on a north-west facing slope overlooking Tavy Cleave. The huts are terraced into the hillside, are composed of stone and earth banks surrounding a circular internal area and have south-west facing doorways. The interior of the western hut measures 2m in diameter and the wall stands 2m wide and 0.6m high. The eastern hut measures 4.2m in diameter and is defined by a wall 1.4m wide and 0.3m high. A boundary bank measuring 1m wide and 0.15m high leads south-south- west from this hut. This bank survives as an earthwork only within the immediate vicinity of the huts and as a buried feature elsewhere. The extent of the attached field system or enclosure is not known because of the considerable peat deposits surrounding the monument.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 22314

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1991), 98
Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX58SE38,
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1987)
MPP fieldwork by S. Gerrard,
National Archaeological Record, SX58SE21,

End of official listing