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A cluster of five stone hut circles and associated boundary wall situated within a large enclosure 30m north-east of Ger Tor

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: A cluster of five stone hut circles and associated boundary wall situated within a large enclosure 30m north-east of Ger Tor

List entry Number: 1011241

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Peter Tavy

National Park: DARTMOOR

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 04-Nov-1993

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 22246

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Within the landscape of Dartmoor there are many discrete plots of land enclosed by stone walls or banks of stone and earth, most of which date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC), though earlier and later examples also exist. They were constructed as stock pens or as protected areas for crop growing and were sometimes subdivided to accommodate stock and hut circle dwellings for farmers and herdsmen. The size and form of enclosures may therefore vary considerably depending on their particular function. Their variation in form, longevity and relationship to other monument classes provide important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The stone hut circles within the large enclosure north-east of Ger Tor survive comparatively well and contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument, the economy of its inhabitants and the landscape in which they lived. As such, the site provides a valuable insight into the nature of Bronze Age occupation on the west side of the moor. Many of the huts are visually impressive examples of their type. The hut circles 30m north-east of Ger Tor are the only ones within this large enclosure that are associated with smaller enclosures.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument includes a cluster of five stone hut circles and associated boundary walls situated within a large enclosure lying on a south-east facing slope overlooking the valley of the River Tavy. The buildings are terraced into the hillslope and are composed of stone and earth walls surrounding an internal area. The internal diameters of the huts vary between 2.8m and 4.2m, with the average being 3.7m. The surrounding walls vary between 0.2m and 0.5m high, with the average being 0.34m. Two of the huts have visible doorways and one has an annex. The boundary walls are curved in plan and are composed of rubble and earth banks measuring 1.2m wide and up 0.5m high. The western wall links two huts together and the other partially encloses another hut. Neither wall forms a complete visible circuit, and they must therefore represent either partially robbed, partly buried or unfinished enclosures.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX58SW97,
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1987)
MPP fieldwork by S. Gerrard,

National Grid Reference: SX 54741 83144

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1011241 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 25-Nov-2017 at 02:20:48.

End of official listing