Stone hut circle settlement 360m north-east of Leather Tor

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011250

Date first listed: 21-Sep-1993

Map

Ordnance survey map of Stone hut circle settlement 360m north-east of Leather Tor
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1011250 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 15-Nov-2018 at 03:49:55.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Walkhampton

National Park: DARTMOOR

National Grid Reference: SX 56547 70273

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other monument types provide important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite afforestation during the early part of the twentieth century, the stone hut circle settlement 360m north-east of Leather Tor survives comparatively well and forms part of a widely scattered group of broadly contemporary settlements. The location of the monument at the interface between an extensive area of open grazing and enclosed land will provide information regarding aspects of Bronze Age agriculture.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument includes a stone hut circle settlement situated on an east- facing slope of Leather Tor. The settlement contains at least twelve stone hut circles and seven associated enclosures or garden plots. These enclosures are composed of rubble bank walls measuring 1.2m wide and 0.4m high, each defining an internal area. Many of these boundaries form lynchets where they lie along the contour of the hillslope. Seven of the stone hut circles are attached to boundary walls and one has an annexe. The stone hut circles are composed of stone and earth banks surrounding a circular internal area. The internal diameter of the huts varies between 2.5m and 6m with the average being 4m. The height of the surrounding wall varies between 0.2m and 0.8m with the average being 0.45m. Post-medieval field boundaries to the east and south of the monument represent a fossilised prehistoric field system, but these are not included within the scheduling as they are not of national importance.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 22230

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX57SE151,
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1987)
MPP fieldwork by S. Gerrard,
Oral with Dr T.A.P. Greeves,

End of official listing