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Roman fort 300m NE of Cudmore Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Roman fort 300m NE of Cudmore Farm

List entry Number: 1011251

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: Mid Devon

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Bampton

County: Devon

District: Mid Devon

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Clayhanger

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 07-Mar-1994

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 22231

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Roman forts served as permanent bases for auxiliary units of the Roman Army. In outline they were straight sided rectangular enclosures with rounded corners, defined by a single rampart of turf, puddled clay or earth with one or more outer ditches. Some forts had separately defended, subsidiary enclosures or annexes, allowing additional storage space or for the accommodation of troops and convoys in transit. Although built and used throughout the Roman period, the majority of forts were constructed between the mid first and mid second centuries AD. Some were only used for short periods of time but others were occupied for extended periods on a more or less permanent basis. In the earlier forts, timber was used for gateways, towers and breastworks. From the beginning of the second century AD there was a gradual replacement of timber with stone. Roman forts are rare nationally and are extremely rare south of the Severn Trent line. As one of a small group of Roman military monuments, which are important in representing army strategy and therefore government policy, forts are of particular significance to our understanding of the period. All Roman forts with surviving archaeological potential are considered to be nationally important.

The Roman fort 300m NE of Cudmore Farm survives well and is an outstanding example of its class. Roman forts are rare in the south west of England and this fort is considered to represent the best surviving example in the region.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument includes a Roman fort situated on an east-facing promontory overlooking the valley of a small tributary of the River Batherm. The fort survives as a rectangular enclosure measuring 103m north to south by 96m east to west, bounded by a 8m wide single rampart standing up to 1m high and 4 outer ditches which survive as buried features. Within the fort the cropmarks of a number of features visible during the summer of 1992 are thought to represent contemporary buildings. Fieldwalking has recovered sherds of Roman tile and a single fragment of samian ware. The boundary wall running across the monument is excluded from the scheduling, but the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Frere, S S, 'Britannia' in Clayhanger Fort, , Vol. 22, (1991), 281
Other
Frances Griffith,

National Grid Reference: ST 00786 21947

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1011251 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 23-Nov-2017 at 12:07:37.

End of official listing