Cairn 210m north-east of Westhills Farm


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011286

Date first listed: 26-Nov-1932

Date of most recent amendment: 06-Oct-1993


Ordnance survey map of Cairn 210m north-east of Westhills Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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This copy shows the entry on 13-Nov-2018 at 18:15:08.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Northumberland (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Rothbury

National Grid Reference: NU 03942 02085


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The cairn north-east of Westhills Farm is a good example of an isolated burial mound situated in a prominent location. Despite the fact that it has been partially excavated in the 19th century, damage is very limited and its archaeological deposits survive largely undisturbed. Evidence of the manner of construction and the nature and duration of use will be preserved within and beneath the mound. Additionally, evidence relating to the Bronze Age environment around the monument and of the wider landscape will also survive.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a cairn of Bronze Age date situated on a small hill. It measures 17m in diameter and survives to a height of 1.3m. Its situation, on the top of a small rocky eminence, gives it the appearance of being much higher especially at its western side. The mound is mainly constructed of stone and earth and much of the stonework is visible at the surface. On the top of the cairn there is a hollow 3m across with a tree stump growing in it. The hollow is the remains of an unrecorded partial excavation in the late 19th century when a number of other cairns were dug into in this part of Coquetdale.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 20879

Legacy System: RSM


No. 2256,

End of official listing