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Cairn 210m north-east of Westhills Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Cairn 210m north-east of Westhills Farm

List entry Number: 1011286

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Northumberland

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Rothbury

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 26-Nov-1932

Date of most recent amendment: 06-Oct-1993

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 20879

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The cairn north-east of Westhills Farm is a good example of an isolated burial mound situated in a prominent location. Despite the fact that it has been partially excavated in the 19th century, damage is very limited and its archaeological deposits survive largely undisturbed. Evidence of the manner of construction and the nature and duration of use will be preserved within and beneath the mound. Additionally, evidence relating to the Bronze Age environment around the monument and of the wider landscape will also survive.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a cairn of Bronze Age date situated on a small hill. It measures 17m in diameter and survives to a height of 1.3m. Its situation, on the top of a small rocky eminence, gives it the appearance of being much higher especially at its western side. The mound is mainly constructed of stone and earth and much of the stonework is visible at the surface. On the top of the cairn there is a hollow 3m across with a tree stump growing in it. The hollow is the remains of an unrecorded partial excavation in the late 19th century when a number of other cairns were dug into in this part of Coquetdale.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
No. 2256,

National Grid Reference: NU 03942 02085

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1011286 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 24-Nov-2017 at 05:27:58.

End of official listing