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Moated site, fishponds and associated earthworks 150m south-east of Haversham Manor

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Moated site, fishponds and associated earthworks 150m south-east of Haversham Manor

List entry Number: 1011300

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Milton Keynes

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Haversham-cum-Little Linford

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 20-Oct-1971

Date of most recent amendment: 01-Dec-1993

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 19081

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site south-east of Haversham Manor, despite having suffered some disturbance in the past, survives largely intact and is a good example of its class. The central platform contains archaeological evidence relating to the occupation of the island, including the survival of buried structural foundations relating to the buildings that originally stood upon it. Environmental evidence relating to the landscape in which the monument was constructed will survive in the deeper ditch deposits and in the fishponds. The site viewed in relation to the nearby parish church and the later Haversham Manor house allows an understanding of the development of the settlement of this area from the medieval period onwards.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the remains of a moated site, fishponds and associated earthworks situated on a gentle east facing slope. The moated enclosure is rectangular in shape with overall dimensions of 90m north to south by 84m west to east. The moat ditch is best preserved around the west, south and south-east sides where it averages 10m wide and is up to 1.7m deep. The north-eastern quadrant of the moat is shallow and considerably less well defined and has possibly been slighted at some time in the past. The central platform of the moat measures some 60m north to south by 44m west to east and is raised slightly above the surrounding land surface. The interior surface of the platform is disturbed and uneven particularly in the northern half indicating the survival of sub-surface building remains. There is also some loose stone on the surface in this area but no visible evidence of worked stone or masonry. In the south-western corner of the platform, separated from the edge of the moat by a narrow bank, is a rectangular hollow 28m west to east by 8m north to south and 1.6m deep. The sides of the hollow are steep and the base surface is level and even. Its close proximity to the edge of the moat suggests that it is likely to be the remains of a small fishpond. A shallow hollow 15m square and 0.6m deep, possibly the site of a building, lies immediately to the north of this feature. To the east of the moated enclosure a recently constructed lake approaches to within 50m of the moat edge; in the area between are the truncated remains of fragmentary banks and hollows which are thought to represent the remains of village crofts or garden plots. A roughly rectangular hollow some 30m by 20m and 0.5m deep which lies adjacent to the north-eastern corner of the moat may represent the remains of a second early fishpond. To the east of the moat some 60m upslope is a large fishpond which appears later in date. It measures 100m north to south by 30m east to west and has a central island. The pond is contained along its eastern downslope side by a substantial embankment some 8m wide at base and up to 2m high. A second smaller pond of similar age lies to the north; this is 38m north to south by 8m west to east. The Grade II Listed 17th century dovecote, all field boundaries and modern structures are excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath all these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Other
Card no 0308,
NAR Card no SP84SW6,

National Grid Reference: SP 82849 42577

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1011300 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 21-Nov-2017 at 02:07:06.

End of official listing