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Moated site and associated fishpond south of Mill Lane

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Moated site and associated fishpond south of Mill Lane

List entry Number: 1011312

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Milton Keynes

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Campbell Park

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 02-Sep-1986

Date of most recent amendment: 16-Nov-1993

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 19077

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site south of Mill Lane survives largely undisturbed and is an excellent example of its class. It forms one of several medieval monuments which lie in close proximity to each other strung along the banks of the River Ouzel. Considered as a whole this important group of monuments allows a very complete understanding of the settlement and economy of an area intensively occupied in the medieval period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a small moated enclosure, attached linear fishpond and the site of a building platform situated in a valley bottom on the west bank of the River Ouzel and close to the old course of the river. The moated enclosure is rectangular in shape and orientated NNE to SSW with overall dimensions of 70m north to south by 44m east to west. The moat ditch is of a uniform appearance averaging 10m wide and 1.4m deep and is crossed midway along its western side by a causeway 6m wide, the upper surface of the causeway being 0.6m above the bottom of the ditch. The central island of the moat measures 40m by 18m and is at a similar level to the surrounding ground surface. It is flat and largely undisturbed with the exception of a shallow oval depression scooped into the upper surface of the platform at its northern end. This depression measures some 8m north to south by 5m east to west and is 0.8m deep. Attached to the north-east corner of the moat is a linear ditch of similar proportions to the moat. It measures 64m long by 10m wide and 1.6m deep. Although a continuation of the moat alignment, it is separated from the main moat by a bank and appears to be designed to function as a fishpond. The area immediately west of the fishpond is the site of a building platform discovered during ploughing. Although not visible as a surface feature, it is included within the scheduling. All modern boundaries, structures and metalled surfaces are excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Other
SMR card no 3653,

National Grid Reference: SP 87590 39128

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1011312 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 20-Nov-2017 at 11:12:14.

End of official listing