Moated site and associated fishpond south of Mill Lane
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1011312
Date first listed: 02-Sep-1986
Date of most recent amendment: 16-Nov-1993
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: Milton Keynes (Unitary Authority)
Parish: Campbell Park
National Grid Reference: SP 87590 39128
Reasons for Designation
Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.
The moated site south of Mill Lane survives largely undisturbed and is an excellent example of its class. It forms one of several medieval monuments which lie in close proximity to each other strung along the banks of the River Ouzel. Considered as a whole this important group of monuments allows a very complete understanding of the settlement and economy of an area intensively occupied in the medieval period.
The monument includes a small moated enclosure, attached linear fishpond and
the site of a building platform situated in a valley bottom on the west bank
of the River Ouzel and close to the old course of the river. The moated
enclosure is rectangular in shape and orientated NNE to SSW with overall
dimensions of 70m north to south by 44m east to west. The moat ditch is of a
uniform appearance averaging 10m wide and 1.4m deep and is crossed midway
along its western side by a causeway 6m wide, the upper surface of the
causeway being 0.6m above the bottom of the ditch. The central island of
the moat measures 40m by 18m and is at a similar level to the surrounding
ground surface. It is flat and largely undisturbed with the exception of a
shallow oval depression scooped into the upper surface of the platform at its
northern end. This depression measures some 8m north to south by 5m east to
west and is 0.8m deep. Attached to the north-east corner of the moat is a
linear ditch of similar proportions to the moat. It measures 64m long by 10m
wide and 1.6m deep. Although a continuation of the moat alignment, it is
separated from the main moat by a bank and appears to be designed to function
as a fishpond. The area immediately west of the fishpond is the site of a
building platform discovered during ploughing. Although not visible as a
surface feature, it is included within the scheduling.
All modern boundaries, structures and metalled surfaces are excluded from the
scheduling although the ground beneath is included.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 19077
Legacy System: RSM
SMR card no 3653,
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing