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Moated site at Bentries Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Moated site at Bentries Farm

List entry Number: 1011331

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Suffolk

District: Suffolk Coastal

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Easton

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 09-Nov-1993

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 21302

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site at Bentries Farm survives well, the earthworks being well preserved and the greater part of the island unencumbered by buildings. It will retain important archaeological information concerning the construction and use of the site, and organic material will be preserved in water logged deposits in the moat.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a sub-rectangular moated site located on a hill overlooking the village of Easton and the valley of the River Deben to the south west. The moat surrounds an island with maximum dimensions of 44m north east - south west by 43m north west - south east and itself measures from 10m to 12m in width and up to 3m in depth, the deepest part being in the northern angle. It is water filled, fed by field drainage, with a short overflow channel from the eastern corner to a ditch running alongside the adjacent track, parallel to the south eastern arm. A second outflow channel, dug in the early 1970s, connects the southern corner to the same ditch. Between these two channels, the south eastern arm is bordered by an outer bank 7m - 8m wide and 0.7m high, mounded to a height of 1.3m at the eastern end. A secondary earthen causeway 7m wide across the western end of the south western arm of the moat provides access to the island. Embedded on the western side of it are two large, weathered stone blocks, each of which is approximately 0.7m across, with a square socket cut into it to take the base of a timber upright. The western end of the north western arm, adjacent to this, is shallow and shelving, and was formerly used as a horse pond. The house, a Grade II Listed Building is dated to the 17th century and stands towards the south eastern side of the island. The inner face of the moat around the southern corner of the island is vertical and revetted with a brick wall in which is an arched opening leading to a filter bed and brick cistern through which the house was formerly supplied with water, these features being included in the scheduling. The dwelling house is excluded from the scheduling, as are the outbuildings, a summer house on the island, all paths, fences and gates, but the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
Hammond, J M and J S, (1992)

National Grid Reference: TM 28783 58880

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 25-Nov-2017 at 05:56:28.

End of official listing