Three stone hut circles 1.055km ENE of Trewortha Farm


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011347

Date first listed: 08-Sep-1993


Ordnance survey map of Three stone hut circles 1.055km ENE of Trewortha Farm
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: North Hill

National Grid Reference: SX 25122 75666

Reasons for Designation

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on the Moor, mostly dating from the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). The stone-based round houses survive as low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of a turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts occur singly or in small or large groups and may occur in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity of use and their relationship with other monument types provides important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices among prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

This small group of stone hut circles on Twelve Men's Moor has survived reasonably well, displaying clearly their mode of construction and plan despite limited stone-robbing. The presence of ditches around parts of their wall circuits and the sub-rectangular annexe adjoining one hut circle are unusual features. The proximity of these hut circles to other similar small groups of hut circles and to the larger hut circle settlements on Twelve Men's Moor and the Hawkstor Downs demonstrate well the nature and diversity of the settlement pattern during the Bronze Age.


The monument includes a group of three stone hut circles situated close to the north-east edge of Twelve Men's Moor on eastern Bodmin Moor, near other broadly contemporary hut circles settlements, field systems and funerary cairns on Twelve Men's Moor and the Hawkstor Downs. The hut circles are arranged as a triangular group with two adjoining, via a small annexe, on an ENE-WSW axis and a third hut circle situated 1.75m north of the south-western hut circle. The northern hut circle survives with a wall of heaped rubble, up to 2m wide and 0.45m high, defining a circular internal area 8.3m in diameter and levelled into the hillslope. A 5m wide break in the wall's ESE circuit contains the hut circle entrance but has been enlarged by relatively recent stone-robbing. A slight scarp, 0.1m high, survives across the break, marking the downhill edge of the levelled hut circle interior. A shallow, turf-covered ditch, up to 2m wide and 0.1m deep, is visible around the wall's western and northern sectors. The south-western hut circle survives with similar rubble walling, up to 1.7m wide and 0.3m high, around a levelled internal area 6.75m in diameter. A 2.5m wide break in the wall's eastern sector marks the entrance. This hut circle also has a slight ditch, 2m wide and 0.1m deep, around its western and south- western sectors. The entrance leads directly into a sub-rectangular annexe built against the hut circle's south-eastern sector. The annexe is also constructed with rubble walling, up to 1.25m wide and 0.3m high, along the south-west and south-east sides of its levelled plot, which measures 6m NE-SW by 3.75m NW-SE. The eastern corner of the annexe meets the wall of the group's south-eastern hut circle. The south-eastern hut circle is constructed in a similar manner to the other two, its rubble wall, up to 1.5m wide and 0.2m high, defining a levelled internal area 4.5m in diameter. Some relatively recent stone robbing has reduced the wall along the east and south-eastern sectors, though the interior's levelling scarp remains to define its perimeter. The southern sector of its wall adjoins the eastern corner of the annexe to the hut circle centred to the WSW, though the walls defining the interiors of those two hut circles are separated by a clear gap of 2.2m. This monument forms one of at least six small groups of hut circles dispersed along the contour from the south-east slope of Hawks Tor to the saddle between Trewortha and Kilmar Tors on Twelve Men's Moor. These hut circles are located close to two larger unenclosed hut circle settlements, one on Twelve Men's Moor 105m west of this monument, the other on Hawks Tor with an associated field system, 500m to the north-east. Over a dozen broadly contemporary funerary cairns, several with burial cists, are also located on Twelve Men's Moor, one of which is situated 65m south of this monument.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 15217

Legacy System: RSM


consulted 6/1992, Carter, A./RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcription for SX 2575,
consulted 6/1992, Carter, A./RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcriptions for SX 2475; SX 2575 & SX 2576,
consulted 6/1992, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1014.21,
consulted 6/1992, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1014.22,
Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1014.20,

End of official listing