Stone hut circle forming part of an unenclosed stone hut circle settlement on the north-east slope of Cox Tor

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011387

Date first listed: 06-Sep-1993

Map

Ordnance survey map of Stone hut circle forming part of an unenclosed stone hut circle settlement on the north-east slope of Cox Tor
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Peter Tavy

National Park: DARTMOOR

National Grid Reference: SX 53509 76416

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other monument types provide important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite limited damage, the unenclosed stone hut circle settlement on the north-east slope of Cox Tor survives comparatively well. Important and informative archaeological structures, features and deposits survive intact and provide an insight into agricultural practice on the western side of the Moor.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument includes a stone hut circle situated on a gentle north-east facing slope overlooking the valley of the Colly Brook and forming part of an unenclosed stone hut circle settlement on the north-east slope of Cox Tor. The building is composed of rubble bank walling with three orthostats, or upright stones, built into the southern side. The interior of the structure measures 4.5m in diameter and is defined by a 3m wide wall standing up to 0.35m high. This structure is situated on the periphery of the settlement.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 20392

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1991), 84-5
Other
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1987)
National Archaeological Record, SX57NW33, (1987)

End of official listing