Roman camp, 400m SSW of Sills Farm


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011393

Date first listed: 30-Nov-1960

Date of most recent amendment: 13-Aug-1993


Ordnance survey map of Roman camp, 400m SSW of Sills Farm
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Northumberland (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Rochester


National Grid Reference: NT 82525 00047


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Roman camps are rectangular or sub-rectangular enclosures which were constructed and used by Roman soldiers either when out on campaign or as practice camps; most campaign camps were only temporary overnight bases and few were used for longer periods. They were bounded by a single earthen rampart and outer ditch and in plan are always straight-sided with rounded corners. Normally they have between one and four entrances, although as many as eleven have been recorded. Such entrances were usually centrally placed in the sides of the camp and were often protected by additional defensive outworks. Roman camps are found throughout much of England, although most known examples lie in the midlands and north. Around 140 examples have been identified and, as one of the various types of defensive enclosure built by the Roman Army, particularly in hostile upland and frontier areas, they provide an important insight into Roman military strategy and organisation. All well-preserved examples are identified as being of national importance.

The camp 400m SSW of Sills Farm is part of a large network of Roman military sites clustered around Bremenium Roman Fort and Dere Street. The camp is well preserved and is a good example of its type. It will contribute to our understanding of the Roman conquest and occupation of northern Britain.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a Roman camp situated on a gentle south-east facing slope above the steep banks of the Sills Burn to the east and alongside Dere Street, the Roman road from Corbridge to Newstead in Scotland. The camp is rectangular in shape with rounded corners and measures a maximum of 150m east- west by 130m north-south within an earthen bank 3.5m wide which stands 1.5m high above the bottom of an external ditch 3.5m wide. The eastern side of the camp has been levelled by ploughing. Gateways are located in each of the remaining three sides and all are protected by internal claviculae, an extension of the rampart which curves inwards and blocks the direct line of access into the camp. Roman camps with this form of defensive gateway are more common in the first century AD and this one is large enough to have been used on a temporary basis by groups advancing northwards and also by smaller groups engaged in routine maintenance.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 20947

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Richmond, I A, 'Northumberland County History xv' in The Romans in Redesdale, (1940), 120-122
MCD: Roman Camps,

End of official listing