Standing stone, 770m south-east of Swinburne Castle


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011407

Date first listed: 28-Nov-1932

Date of most recent amendment: 22-Mar-1994


Ordnance survey map of Standing stone, 770m south-east of Swinburne Castle
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1011407 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 21-Oct-2018 at 02:47:13.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Northumberland (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Chollerton

National Grid Reference: NY 93753 74546


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Standing stones are prehistoric ritual or ceremonial monuments with dates ranging from the Late Neolithic to the end of the Bronze Age for the few excavated examples. They comprise single or paired upright orthostatic slabs, ranging from under lm to over 6m high where still erect. They are often conspicuously sited and close to other contemporary monument classes. They can be accompanied by various features: many occur in or on the edge of round barrows, and where excavated, associated subsurface features have included stone cists, stone settings, and various pits and hollows filled in with earth containing human bone, cremations, charcoal, flints, pots and pot sherds. Similar deposits have been found in excavated sockets for standing stones, which range considerably in depth. Several standing stones also bear cup and ring marks. Standing stones may have functioned as markers for routeways, territories, graves, or meeting points, but their accompanying features show they also bore a ritual function and that they form one of several ritual monument classes of their period that often contain a deposit of cremation and domestic debris as an integral component. No national survey of standing stones has been undertaken, and estimates range from 50 to 250 extant examples, widely distributed throughout England but with concentrations in Cornwall, the North Yorkshire Moors, Cumbria, Derbyshire and the Cotswolds. Standing stones are important as nationally rare monuments, with a high longevity and demonstrating the diversity of ritual practices in the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age. Consequently all undisturbed standing stones and those which represent the main range of types and locations would normally be considered to be of national importance.

The stone south-east of Swinburne Castle is a good example of a large standing stone. Standing stones are relatively rare in Northumberland; this example is especially unusual in bearing extensive and complex decoration of cup and ring markings. This prehistoric rock art is more usually found on natural rock outcrops. The stone also lies close to several contemporary round cairns with which its use may be associated.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a standing stone of Late Neolithic/Bronze Age date situated on a long promontory formed by the confluence of the Coal and Swin Burns. The stone, rectangular in section, measures 1.4m wide by 0.6m in breadth. It stands to a height of 3.3m with its top much pitted and gullied by the action of natural weathering. Both sides of the broad standing stone are occupied by cupmarks, artificial hollows carved into the rock surface. These are most numerous on the south side of the stone.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 20936

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing