Bowl barrow, 400m ENE of Chollerton Farm

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1011419
Date first listed:
17-Jul-1961
Date of most recent amendment:
23-Feb-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow, 400m ENE of Chollerton Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District:
Northumberland (Unitary Authority)
Parish:
Chollerton
National Grid Reference:
NY 93708 72122

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Although the bowl barrow has been subject to partial excavation in the past, the extent of disturbance is limited and archaeological deposits survive well. Evidence of the manner of construction and the nature and duration of use will be preserved within and beneath the mound. It is a rare survival in Tynedale where few other barrows are known.

Details

The monument includes a well preserved round barrow of Bronze Age date situated on a slight natural knoll on low-lying ground in a pasture field. The barrow mound has been spread slightly and is now oval in shape. It measures 20m east-west by 15m north-south and is just over 1m high. The ditch, dug to provide the material to construct the mound, is no longer visible on the surface but survives as a buried feature. There is a hole in the top of the barrow 4m across, the result of partial excavation in the 19th century.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
20924
Legacy System:
RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Hodgson, J C, The Victoria History of the County of Northumberland, (1897), 253

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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