Stone hut circle and a short length of boundary wall forming part of an unenclosed stone hut circle settlement on the north-east slope of Cox Tor
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
- Date of most recent amendment:
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This copy shows the entry on 21-Nov-2019 at 23:36:03.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- West Devon (District Authority)
- Peter Tavy
- National Park:
- National Grid Reference:
- SX 53502 76639
Reasons for Designation
Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements
were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date
from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building
tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low
walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch
roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups
and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although
they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other
monument types provide important information on the diversity of social
organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.
Despite limited damage, this part of the unenclosed stone hut circle settlement on the north-east slope of Cox Tor survives comparatively well. Important and informative archaeological structures, features and deposits survive intact and provide an insight into agricultural practice on the western side of the moor.
This monument includes a stone hut circle and a short length of boundary wall
forming part of an unenclosed stone hut circle settlement, and a tin
prospecting pit, all situated on the north-east slope of Cox Tor overlooking
the Colly Brook. The stone hut circle is terraced into the hillslope and is
composed of an orthostatic wall defining an internal area measuring 6.6m long
by 4.4m wide. The huts walls are 1.5m wide and stand up to 0.2m high. The
boundary wall lies to the south of the hut, is of rubble construction,
measures 2.5m wide, 0.4m high and forms a 30m long arc aligned from north to
south. The tin prospecting pit lies at the south end of the boundary. The
pit consists of a sub-rectangular hollow measuring 4.4m long by 3m wide and
0.6m deep with an associated crescent shaped bank standing up to 0.9m high
lying immediately downslope.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1991), 84-5
Gerrard, G A M, The Archaeology of the Early Cornish Tin Industry, (1986), 254-5
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1987)
National Archaeological Record, SX57NW33, (1987)
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing