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Pigot's Farm moated site and fishpond

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Pigot's Farm moated site and fishpond

List entry Number: 1011469

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Essex

District: Uttlesford

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Elmdon

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 30-Sep-1993

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 20722

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Pigot's Farm moated site is well preserved and will retain archaeological information relating to its occupation. The waterfilled ditches will also retain environmental evidence pertaining to the economy of its occupants and the landscape in which they lived.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument at Pigot's Farm includes a sub-rectangular moated site and fishpond situated on a south-facing slope, 500m south of St Nicholas' Church, Elmdon. The moated site measures 65m east-west by a maximum of 50m north- south. The arms are seasonally waterfilled by land drains and are between 6m and 10m in width and 1.7m in depth. A modern causeway, 5m wide, gives access to the island at the north-west corner of the moat. A footbridge which once crossed the southern arm of the moat has decayed. The island is occupied by a Grade II* Listed house which dates from 1655 and is thought to be the original dwelling on the site. At the south-east corner of the moat is a sub-rectangular, waterfilled fishpond which measures 11m NW-SE by a maximum of 10m NE-SW. The name Pigot first occurs as Picot and then Pygot in 1285. The house is excluded from the scheduling though the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Reaney, PH, Place names of Essex, (1935), 527
Other
SMR NO: 3881, Information from SMR,
SMR NO; 3881, Information from SMR,

National Grid Reference: TL 46347 39194

Map

Map
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© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1011469 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 23-Nov-2017 at 03:08:05.

End of official listing