Pigot's Farm moated site and fishpond


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011469

Date first listed: 30-Sep-1993


Ordnance survey map of Pigot's Farm moated site and fishpond
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This copy shows the entry on 23-Jan-2019 at 17:39:04.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Essex

District: Uttlesford (District Authority)

Parish: Elmdon

National Grid Reference: TL 46347 39194


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Pigot's Farm moated site is well preserved and will retain archaeological information relating to its occupation. The waterfilled ditches will also retain environmental evidence pertaining to the economy of its occupants and the landscape in which they lived.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument at Pigot's Farm includes a sub-rectangular moated site and fishpond situated on a south-facing slope, 500m south of St Nicholas' Church, Elmdon. The moated site measures 65m east-west by a maximum of 50m north- south. The arms are seasonally waterfilled by land drains and are between 6m and 10m in width and 1.7m in depth. A modern causeway, 5m wide, gives access to the island at the north-west corner of the moat. A footbridge which once crossed the southern arm of the moat has decayed. The island is occupied by a Grade II* Listed house which dates from 1655 and is thought to be the original dwelling on the site. At the south-east corner of the moat is a sub-rectangular, waterfilled fishpond which measures 11m NW-SE by a maximum of 10m NE-SW. The name Pigot first occurs as Picot and then Pygot in 1285. The house is excluded from the scheduling though the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 20722

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Reaney, PH, Place names of Essex, (1935), 527
SMR NO: 3881, Information from SMR,
SMR NO; 3881, Information from SMR,

End of official listing