Enclosed settlement 280m south-west of the Ordnance Survey triangulation pillar on Cox Tor

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011497

Date first listed: 06-Sep-1993

Map

Ordnance survey map of Enclosed settlement 280m south-west of the Ordnance Survey triangulation pillar on Cox Tor
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Peter Tavy

National Park: DARTMOOR

National Grid Reference: SX 52853 75986

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Within the landscape of Dartmoor there are many discrete plots of land enclosed by stone walls or banks of stone and earth, most of which date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC), though earlier and later examples also exist. They were constructed as stock pens or as protected areas for crop growing and were sometimes subdivided to accommodate stock and hut circle dwellings for farmers and herdsmen. The size and form of enclosures may therefore vary considerably depending on their particular function. Their variation in form, longevity and relationship to other monument classes provide important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The enclosed settlement 280m south-west of the Ordnance Survey triangulation pillar on Cox Tor survives comparatively well and forms part of a scattered group of settlements situated on the slopes of Cox Tor. The settlement lies between two areas of coaxial field system and close to an important round cairn cemetery. The settlement contains archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed and, as such, it provides a valuable source of information concerning the nature of Bronze Age occupation and land use on the west side of the moor.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument includes an enclosure containing a stone hut circle and rectangular building situated on a terrace on the steep west slope of Cox Tor. The enclosure has a semi-cleared area of ground measuring 30m north to south by 26m east to west defined by a rubble spread 2m to 3m wide standing up to 0.6m high. A gap in the western side of the enclosure represents the site of an entrance to which an 8m long and 2m wide rubble faced passage is attached. The stone hut circle is composed of coursed drystone walling defining an internal area measuring 6.6m in diameter. The wall measures 2.3m wide and stands up to 0.7m high. The doorway faces south and is defined by two fallen slabs. A small rectangular building built against the inner face of the enclosure immediately to the south of the entrance measures 4.1m long by 2.3m wide. The walls are composed of rubble, measure 1.5m wide and stand up to 0.4m high.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 22233

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1991), 83
Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX57NW21,
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1987)
National Archaeological Record, SX57NW41,

End of official listing