Two bowl barrows in Knight's Wood, 460m south-east of White House Farm: part of Seven Hills barrow cemetery


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011538

Date first listed: 30-Nov-1925

Date of most recent amendment: 04-Nov-1993


Ordnance survey map of Two bowl barrows in Knight's Wood, 460m south-east of White House Farm: part of Seven Hills barrow cemetery
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Suffolk

District: Suffolk Coastal (District Authority)

Parish: Nacton

National Grid Reference: TM 22282 41318


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The two contiguous barrows 460m south-east of White House Farm are components of one of the best examples of a round barrow cemetery in Suffolk. Most such cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including different types of round barrow and, wherever large scale investigation beyond barrows has been undertaken, revealing contemporary or later 'flat' burials between the barrow mounds. The two barrows survive well and will retain important archaeological information. Evidence concerning their construction, the relationship between them, the manner and duration of their use, and also the local environment, at and prior to the time of their construction, will be preserved in the mounds and in the soils buried beneath them. Seven Hills cemetery is part of a larger group of round barrows and circular ditched enclosures which extend in a line to the south-east, over a distance of 3km, to Levington Heath. The former parish boundary between Nacton, to the south, and Bucklesham and Foxhall, to the north, follows the same line, showing a relationship which is of particular interest for the study of the prehistoric and medieval landscape history of the area.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes two contiguous bowl barrows within Seven Hills barrow cemetery, adjacent to and overlooking the A45 in a narrow belt of woodland between the A1156, to the north, and the Ipswich-Felixstowe railway line to the south. The barrows are visible as earthen mounds in a south-east to north- west alignment, the first standing to a height of 1.2m and the second to a height of 1.6m, covering overlapping circular areas which measure c.22m and 26m in diameter respectively. The combined length of the two barrows on the south-east to north-west axis is c.46m. They lie c.40m north-west of the most densely clustered group of barrows in the cemetery.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 21282

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Wodderspoon, J, Memorials of Ipswich, (1850)
Suffolk SMR ACQ30, 31,

End of official listing