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Bowl barrow at Seven Hills Cottages, 720m south-east of White House Farm: part of Seven Hills barrow cemetery

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow at Seven Hills Cottages, 720m south-east of White House Farm: part of Seven Hills barrow cemetery

List entry Number: 1011557

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Suffolk

District: Suffolk Coastal

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Nacton

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 30-Nov-1925

Date of most recent amendment: 09-Nov-1993

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 21287

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The barrow at Seven Hills Cottages is a component of one of the best examples of a round barrow cemetery in Suffolk and, as such, has importance in relation to the cemetery as a whole. Most barrow cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including different types of round barrow and, wherever large scale investigation beyond barrows has been undertaken, revealing contemporary or later `flat' burials beyond the barrow mounds. The barrow retains important archaeological information in deposits left undisturbed after the removal of parts of the mound, and evidence concerning the construction of the barrow, the manner and duration of its use, and also the local environment at that time, will be preserved in the barrow mound and in the soils buried beneath it. Seven Hills cemetery is part of a larger group of round barrows and circular ditched enclosures which extend in a line to the south-east, over a distance of 3km, to Levington Heath. The former parish boundary between Nacton, to the south, and Bucklesham and Foxhall, to the north, follows the same line, showing a relationship which is of particular interest for the study of the prehistoric and medieval landscape history of the area.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow within Seven Hills barrow cemetery, and is situated to the rear of a cottage garden, at the south-western end of Bucklesham Wood. The barrow is visible as an irregular earthen mound, standing to a height of 2m, and covering an area measuring c.20m north-east to south- west by 16m south-east to north-west. The original diameter of the mound was between 20m and 25m, but this was reduced early in the 20th century, when part of the north-western side of the barrow was levelled and the centre was hollowed out from the south-western side. The ground within this hollow, which was formerly roofed as a shed, is now open and grassed and is included in the scheduling, as is the ground formerly covered by the north-western edge of the mound. A shed standing partly on the latter area is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath this feature is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
The Victoria History of the County of Suffolk: Volume I, (1911)
Wodderspoon, J, Memorials of Ipswich, (1850)
Other
No. 8417, Morley, C, East Anglian Miscellany, (1931)
Suffolk SMR ACQ30, 31,

National Grid Reference: TM 22537 41274

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1011557 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 19-Nov-2017 at 08:15:38.

End of official listing