Bowl barrow on Iron Hill

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011572

Date first listed: 27-Oct-1938

Date of most recent amendment: 13-Sep-1993

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow on Iron Hill
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Cumbria

District: Eden (District Authority)

Parish: Crosby Ravensworth

National Grid Reference: NY 59637 14828

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite recent removal of kerbing stones from the monument's northern half, the bowl barrow on Iron Hill survives well. It is a rare survival in Cumbria of an unexcavated example of this class of monument and will contain undisturbed archaeological deposits within the mound and upon the old land surface.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument is a bowl barrow located towards the north-westerly edge of the summit ridge of Iron Hill. It includes a slightly oval mound of earth and stones up to 1m high with maximum dimensions of 14m by 12m. There is a kerb of 11 pink granite boulders around the southern part of the barrow and socket holes indicating the location of a further 7 kerbstones removed during the 1980's from the barrow's northern part. The monument is not known to have been excavated. A drystone wall and adjacent post and wire fence crossing the barrow are excluded from the scheduling, but the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 22458

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)
RCHME, Westmorland, (1936)
SMR No. 2903, Cumbria SMR, Mounds at Iron Hill, Crosby Ravensworth, (1987)

End of official listing