Round cairn on Heughscar Hill

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011589

Date first listed: 01-Sep-1993

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round cairn on Heughscar Hill
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Cumbria

District: Eden (District Authority)

Parish: Askham

County: Cumbria

District: Eden (District Authority)

Parish: Barton

National Park: LAKE DISTRICT

National Grid Reference: NY 48879 23177

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite the insertion of a boundary post into the monument's summit, the round cairn on Heughscar Hill survives reasonably well. It lies within an area of open fell rich in prehistoric monuments and will contain undisturbed archaeological deposits within the mound and upon the old landsurface beneath.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument is a round cairn located in a prominent position close to the summit of Heughscar Hill. It includes an oval mound of largely turf-covered stones up to 0.8m high with maximum dimensions of 18.6m by 8.7m. On top of the cairn is a mound of stones around the base of a boundary post that has been inserted into the earlier cairn. The boundary post is excluded from the scheduling but the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 22542

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Quartermaine, J, Askham Fell Survey Catalogue, (1992), 42
Other
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)

End of official listing