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Cairn 500m west of Debdon Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Cairn 500m west of Debdon Farm

List entry Number: 1011632

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Northumberland

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Cartington

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 20-Jul-1933

Date of most recent amendment: 17-Sep-1993

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 20899

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Although the cairn west of Debdon Farm has undergone partial excavation in the past, the limit of disturbance is confined to the central area and significant surrounding archaeological deposits survive undisturbed. Additionally, this cairn is one of a group of prehistoric burial cairns in the area and it will contribute to our understanding of prehistoric settlement and activity in the region.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the remains of a cairn of Bronze Age date situated in a hollow between two hills. The monument survives as a circle of eight stones measuring 4.6m in diameter, backed by a bank of earth up to 3m wide and surviving to a height of 0.7m. The area within the circle of stones is now empty but was originally filled with cairn material which has subsequently been removed. The cairn was excavated towards the end of the 19th century by Canon Greenwell who discovered a central grave containing cremated bone and charcoal. The cairn, which measures a total of 8.5m in diameter, has no visible traces of a surrounding ditch.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Greenwell, W , British Barrows, (1877)
Other
No. 2582,

National Grid Reference: NU 05612 04497

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1011632 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 19-Nov-2017 at 05:47:51.

End of official listing