Cairn 500m west of Debdon Farm


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011632

Date first listed: 20-Jul-1933

Date of most recent amendment: 17-Sep-1993


Ordnance survey map of Cairn 500m west of Debdon Farm
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Northumberland (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Cartington

National Grid Reference: NU 05612 04497


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Although the cairn west of Debdon Farm has undergone partial excavation in the past, the limit of disturbance is confined to the central area and significant surrounding archaeological deposits survive undisturbed. Additionally, this cairn is one of a group of prehistoric burial cairns in the area and it will contribute to our understanding of prehistoric settlement and activity in the region.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes the remains of a cairn of Bronze Age date situated in a hollow between two hills. The monument survives as a circle of eight stones measuring 4.6m in diameter, backed by a bank of earth up to 3m wide and surviving to a height of 0.7m. The area within the circle of stones is now empty but was originally filled with cairn material which has subsequently been removed. The cairn was excavated towards the end of the 19th century by Canon Greenwell who discovered a central grave containing cremated bone and charcoal. The cairn, which measures a total of 8.5m in diameter, has no visible traces of a surrounding ditch.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 20899

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Greenwell, W , British Barrows, (1877)
No. 2582,

End of official listing