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Askew Heights univallate prehistoric defended enclosure and hollow way

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Askew Heights univallate prehistoric defended enclosure and hollow way

List entry Number: 1011683

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Lancashire

District: Lancaster

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Quernmore

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 16-Oct-1980

Date of most recent amendment: 08-Feb-1995

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 23760

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

During the mid-prehistoric period (seventh to fifth centuries BC) a variety of different types of defensive settlements began to be constructed and occupied in the northern uplands of England. The most obvious sites were hillforts built in prominent locations. In addition to these a range of smaller sites, sometimes with an enclosed area of less than 1ha and defined as defended settlements, were also constructed. Some of these were located on hilltops, others are found in less prominent positions. The enclosing defences were of earthen construction, some sites having a single bank and ditch (univallate), others having more than one (multivallate). At some sites these earthen ramparts represent a second phase of defence, the first having been a timber fence or palisade. Within the enclosure a number of stone or timber-built round houses were occupied by the inhabitants. Stock may also have been kept in these houses, especially during the cold winter months, or in enclosed yards outside them. The communities occupying these sites were probably single family groups, the defended settlements being used as farmsteads. Construction and use of this type of site extended over several centuries, possibly through to the early Romano-British period (mid to late first century AD). Defended settlements are a rare monument type. They were an important element of the later prehistoric settlement pattern of the northern uplands and are important for any study of the developing use of fortified settlements during this period. All well-preserved examples are believed to be of national importance.

Despite past ploughing which has reduced the defences on the monument's eastern side, Askew Heights univallate prehistoric defended enclosure survives reasonably well. It overlooks a tributary of the River Lune and is one of a number of prehistoric and Romano-British settlements similarly located in close proximity to the Lune valley. The monument will contribute to any further study of early settlement patterns in the area.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes Askew Heights univallate prehistoric defended enclosure and associated hollow way. It is located on a small promontory on the western edge of a spur of high land with a steep declivity to the west and north. The enclosure has internal measurements of approximately 77m north-south by 70m east-west and is defended by an external shallow ditch c.11m wide. There are two entrances into the enclosure; one on the north side, the other on the south side. On the monument's south west side, and commencing adjacent to the southern entrance, there is a distinct counterscarp bank approximately 5m wide which becomes steeper on the western side of the site until it forms a deep cutting or hollow way up to 14m wide which is interpreted as a trackway. The hollow way deepens as it moves clockwise from the south west of the site and is then cut tangentially away from the enclosure and across and down the hillslope towards Lythe Brow Wood. All modern field boundaries, a pond situated within the eastern part of the enclosure and the fencing surrounding the pond are all excluded from the scheduling, but the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
Site owner to Robinson,K.D. MPPAFW, Hughes, Mr , (1994)
SMR No. 2755, Lancs SMR, Near Quernmore Park,

National Grid Reference: SD 52725 62387

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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This copy shows the entry on 12-Dec-2017 at 08:31:13.

End of official listing