Romano-British enclosed hut circle settlement 375m ENE of Collingholme


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011686

Date first listed: 05-Dec-1980

Date of most recent amendment: 16-Feb-1995


Ordnance survey map of Romano-British enclosed hut circle settlement 375m ENE of Collingholme
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Lancashire

District: Lancaster (District Authority)

Parish: Leck

National Grid Reference: SD 63859 74840


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

In Cumbria and Northumberland several distinctive types of native settlements dating to the Roman period have been identified. The majority were small, non- defensive, enclosed homesteads or farms. In many areas they were of stone construction, although in the coastal lowlands timber-built variants were also common. In much of Northumberland, especially in the Cheviots, the enclosures were curvilinear in form. Further south a rectangular form was more common. Elsewhere, especially near the Scottish border, another type occurs where the settlement enclosure was `scooped' into the hillslope. Frequently the enclosures reveal a regularity and similarity of internal layout. The standard layout included one or more stone round-houses situated towards the rear of the enclosure, facing the single entranceway. In front of the houses were pathways and small enclosed yards. Homesteads normally had only one or two houses, but larger enclosures could contain as many as six. At some sites the settlement appears to have grown, often with houses spilling out of the main enclosure and clustered around it. At these sites up to 30 houses may be found. In the Cumbrian uplands the settlements were of less regimented form and unenclosed clusters of houses of broadly contemporary date are also known. These homesteads were being constructed and used by non-Roman natives throughout the period of the Roman occupation. Their origins lie in settlement forms developed before the arrival of the Romans. These homesteads are common throughout the uplands where they frequently survive as well-preserved earthworks. In lowland coastal areas they were also originally common, although there they can frequently only be located through aerial photography. All homestead sites which survive substantially intact will normally be identified as nationally important.

Despite erosion to the western part of the monument close to a modern field gate, the Romano-British enclosed hut circle settlement 375m ENE of Collingholme survives reasonably well. The monument is one of a number of prehistoric and Romano-British settlements located in close proximity to the Lune valley and will contribute to any further study of early settlement patterns in the area.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a Romano-British enclosed hut circle settlement 375m ENE of Collingholme. It is located on relatively flat ground about 1.5km south of Leck Beck, a tributary of the River Lune. The settlement includes a sub-rectangular enclosure containing hut circles together with a small enclosure or stock pen. It is defended by a perimeter bank of turf covered rubble measuring 4m-5m wide by 1m-1.5m high on the north and south sides. On the north east side the enclosure has no delimiter in the form of a bank, but has been formed by having been cut into a slight hillslope. Elsewhere on the south east side the bank is not so distinct where the ground slopes downwards towards a stream. The western bank of the enclosure has been partially obscured by a farmtrack. There are faint traces of an entrance on the enclosure's eastern side. Internally there is a centrally placed sub-circular raised platform measuring c.20m in diameter which is interpreted as a building platform or hut circle. There are two further hut circles, measuring approximately 12m and 8m in diameter in the south western part of the enclosure, and another hut circle measuring c.10m in diameter located towards the north western part of the enclosure. At the north eastern corner there is a scooped enclosure which is interpreted as a stock pen. A drystone wall on the monument's western side is excluded from the scheduling but the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 23763

Legacy System: RSM


SMR Ref No. 3332, Lancs SMR, Collingholme, (1984)

End of official listing