Wayside cross known as the Cundy Cross


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011758

Date first listed: 01-May-1995


Ordnance survey map of Wayside cross known as the Cundy Cross
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Barnsley (Metropolitan Authority)

Parish: Wortley

National Grid Reference: SK 31084 97601


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Wayside crosses are one of several types of Christian cross erected during the medieval period, mostly from the 9th to 15th centuries AD. In addition to serving the function of reiterating and reinforcing the Christian faith amongst those who passed the cross and of reassuring the traveller, wayside crosses often fulfilled a role as waymarkers, especially in difficult and otherwise unmarked terrain. The crosses might be on regularly used routes linking ordinary settlements or on routes having a more specifically religious function, including those providing access to religious sites for parishioners and funeral processions, or marking long-distance routes frequented on pilgrimages. Over 350 wayside crosses are known nationally, concentrated in south west England throughout Cornwall and on Dartmoor where they form the commonest type of stone cross. A small group also occurs on the North York Moors. Relatively few examples have been recorded elsewhere and these are generally confined to remote moorland locations. Outside Cornwall almost all wayside crosses take the form of a `Latin' cross, in which the cross-head itself is shaped within the projecting arms of an unenclosed cross. In Cornwall wayside crosses vary considerably in form and decoration. The commonest type includes a round, or `wheel', head on the faces of which various forms of cross or related designs were carved in relief or incised, the spaces between the cross arms possibly pierced. The design was sometimes supplemented with a relief figure of Christ and the shaft might bear decorative panels and motifs. Less common forms in Cornwall include the `Latin' cross and, much rarer, the simple slab with a low relief cross on both faces. Rare examples of wheel-head and slab-form crosses also occur within the North York Moors group. Most wayside crosses have either a simple socketed base or show no evidence for a separate base at all. Wayside crosses contribute significantly to our understanding of medieval religious customs and sculptural traditions and to our knowledge of medieval routeways and settlement patterns. All wayside crosses which survive as earth- fast monuments, except those which are extremely damaged and removed from their original locations, are considered worthy of protection.

Although missing its cross shaft and head, the Cundy Cross is a good example of a probable medieval wayside cross associated with an ancient crossroads.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument is the remains of a wayside cross and includes the socle or socket stone of the cross. Originally there would also have been a shaft and cross head but these components are now missing. The socle is a dressed sandstone block measuring approximately 70cm square by 70cm high. In the top is a rectangular socket hole measuring 20cm by 16cm by 10cm deep. On the north side, a channel leads from the edge of the socle to the socket hole. The purpose of this channel is unclear but it may have been used to run lead round the base of the cross shaft. In addition, there are circular holes on either side of the channel but the function of these is also unclear. The cross is called the Cundy Cross after the curate Edward Cundy who died in 1623. It is likely to be earlier than this date, however, and is probably medieval in origin. It stands at the junction of Wortley Bank, Woodhead Road and a track leading north west from the crossroads in the direction of Finkle Street. It may originally have stood at the centre of the crossroads or may, alternatively, be in its original location since it is deeply embedded in the surrounding grass bank. The monument is also Listed Grade II.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 23392

Legacy System: RSM


Hill, Angela Shackleton, (1994)
PI 156,

End of official listing