Shotwick Hall moated site

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1011785
Date first listed:
06-Nov-1991

Map

Ordnance survey map of Shotwick Hall moated site
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District:
Cheshire West and Chester (Unitary Authority)
Parish:
Shotwick
National Grid Reference:
SJ 33595 72022

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site of the original Shotwick Hall survives well, the earthworks in particular being well preserved. Despite modern usage as a plantation the island will retain evidence of the original building which occupied it. Additionally organic material will be preserved in the surrounding moat.

Details

The monument comprises the moated site of the original Shotwick Hall and includes an island and moat occupied by a coppice known as Moat Plantation. The island measures c.25m x 32m, is raised c.0.5m above the level of the surrounding fields, and is occupied by established trees and newly planted saplings. Surrounding the island is a largely silted moat c.10m wide x 1.5m deep vegetated with grass, nettles and some scrub. A narrow inlet/outlet channel links the W corner of the moat to the present field drainage system while a more substantial waterlogged/silted channel enters the NE arm of the moat close to the N corner. Outer banks c.6m wide exist along the NE and SE arms of the moat. The original Shotwick Hall was burned down c.1620 and a new hall constructed 150m to the E. All fences and hedges are excluded from the scheduling, however, the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
13454
Legacy System:
RSM

Sources

Other
Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Moats, (1988)
Jones (Tenant farmer), To Robinson, K.D.,
Record No. 2027/2/1, Shotwick Hall, (1988)

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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