This browser is not fully supported by Historic England. Please update your browser to the latest version so that you get the best from our website.

Moated site and fishponds 500m SE of Eaton

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Moated site and fishponds 500m SE of Eaton

List entry Number: 1011794

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Cheshire West and Chester

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Rushton

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 15-Oct-1981

Date of most recent amendment: 06-Nov-1991

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 13460

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site of Rushton Hall survives well and remains virtually unencumbered by modern development. The site retains considerable archaeological potential for the recovery of evidence of the structural remains of two known building phases of Rushton Hall.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument comprises a moated site, considered to be the site of Rushton Hall medieval mansion house, and associated fishponds. The site includes a grassy island measuring c.55m x 36m surrounded on three sides by a dry moat 9- 10m max. width x 1.5m deep. An outer bank 10m x 0.5m max. flanks the NW and SW arms of the moat. Adjacent to the SW side of the island is a dry fishpond flanked on its W and S sides by an extension of the outer bank. A second fishpond surrounds the NW and NE sides of the site. This pond is flanked by an outer bank along the W part of its N side. The medieval house of Rushton Hall was rebuilt in the 17th century and held by the Hinton family. It was sold in 1864 and today there is no trace of any building on the level island. All field boundaries are excluded from the scheduling, however, the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
Capstick, B., FMW Report, (1987)
Dennison, E., MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Fishponds, (1988)
Dennison, E., MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Fishponds, (1988)
Pagination 7, Dennison, E., MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Moats, (1988)
SMR No. 1035/1/1, Cheshire SMR, Moated Site 500m SE of Eaton (Rushton Hall), (1989)
Williams, S.R., Treasure No. 4./A169/, (1976)

National Grid Reference: SJ 57889 63124

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1011794 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 21-Nov-2017 at 03:52:25.

End of official listing