Bowl barrow 450m north of Damgate

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011861

Date first listed: 09-Aug-1967

Date of most recent amendment: 12-Nov-1992

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 450m north of Damgate
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Staffordshire

District: Staffordshire Moorlands (District Authority)

Parish: Ilam

National Park: PEAK DISTRICT

National Grid Reference: SK 12835 53852

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite limited antiquarian investigation at the barrow's centre and some slight spreading of the mound due to past ploughing the monument survives well. It will contain intact archaeological deposits including inhumations and grave goods.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow located 450m north of Damgate on a broad plateau shelf sloping down to the north. It survives as a circular earthen mound 27m diameter and up to 0.8m high, with a low central mound measuring 11m by 7m and up to 0.2m high that indicates the position of limited antiquarian investigation. This investigation consisted of a trench 4.6m square and 1.05m deep that located a scatter of charcoal. A drystone wall running north-south across the eastern half of the barrow is excluded from the scheduling. The ground beneath the wall, however, is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 13533

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, , Ten Years Digging (1861), (1861), 173
Other
Carrington, Barrow Diggers (Unpub MS with letters and notes), 1848,
Darvill, T, MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Bowl Barrows (1988), (1988)

End of official listing