Moat House moated site

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011877

Date first listed: 25-Nov-1969

Date of most recent amendment: 12-Nov-1991

Map

Ordnance survey map of Moat House moated site
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Staffordshire

District: South Staffordshire (District Authority)

Parish: Essington

National Grid Reference: SJ 95374 02988

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Despite the overgrown appearance of the site the original form of the monument's earthworks is still clearly evident. Remains of the original buildings which occupied the island will survive whilst the surrounding moat retains conditions suitable for the preservation of organic remains.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument is a moated site located at the foot of rising ground in undulating landscape. The site includes a raised wooded island measuring c.43m x 40m upon which are the overgrown foundations of a cottage and outhouse demolished about 1940. Surrounding the island is a predominantly waterlogged/boggy moat 7.5-9m wide x 1-1.5m deep. Access to the island is via a low causeway on the E side. The monument is unexcavated. All fences are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 13470

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Moats, (1988)
Mr Bibby (Site Owner), To Robinson, K.D. MPPFW, (1990)
PRN NO. 189, Staffordshire SMR, Essington Moat: Essington,

End of official listing