Rodbaston Old Hall moated site and fishpond

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011893

Date first listed: 15-Mar-1966

Date of most recent amendment: 20-Jan-1992

Map

Ordnance survey map of Rodbaston Old Hall moated site and fishpond
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Staffordshire

District: South Staffordshire (District Authority)

Parish: Penkridge

National Grid Reference: SJ 92109 12404

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Despite infilling of the outer moat and some scrub and tree growth on the island the monument survives in a relatively good condition. Considerable evidence of the buildings which originally occupied the island will survive in addition to which organic remains will survive in the waterlogged moat.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument is the manorial moated site of Rodbaston Old Hall together with a dry fishpond and earthwork features to the N. The extant remains of the monument include a largely scrub and tree covered raised island c.73m square containing an internal bank around three sides that measures 2.4m max.height at the S corner. Surrounding the island is a waterlogged moat c.8m wide x 1.5m deep with a causeway on the SW arm. The island was originally double moated, although the outer moat has been infilled at an unspecified date. To the N of the moat is a dry fishpond measuring c.60m x 19m x 0.6m deep with traces of a similar rectangular earthwork to its SW. The manorial status of Rodbaston was linked to the hereditary forestership of Cannock. All fences and a drain at the N end of the fishpond are excluded from the scheduling. The ground beneath these features, however, is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 13474

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Moats, (1988)
Dennison, E., MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Fishponds, (1988)
PRN NO. 107, Staffordshire SMR, Rodbaston Old Hall: Penkridge,
Sharyane, Letter to Robinson, K.D. MPPFW, (1990)

End of official listing