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Bradley Hall moated site

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bradley Hall moated site

List entry Number: 1011924

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Warrington

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Appleton

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 11-Mar-1991

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 13447

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Bradley Hall moated site survives well and is a good example of a moated medieval manor house. The moat itself survives in good condition and remains waterfilled, thus conditions suitable for the preservation of organic materials are considered to exist here. Remains of two earlier building phases of Bradley Hall will survive beneath the present house and gardens.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument comprises a moated site, the island of which is partially occupied by a modernised farmhouse and garden but which was formerly occupied by the manor house of Bradley Hall. The island measures c.70m x 55m and is grass covered where not overlain by the house and garden. It is surrounded by a waterlogged moat c.10m wide x 2.5m deep that has been landscaped on the E side to form an ornamental pond. Access to the island is via a causeway on the E side close to the NE corner that replaced an earlier drawbridge. A secondary access point on the E side has been incorporated into the garden landscaping where the moat has been dammed to form the ornamental pond. Two sets of steps, one in the S arm and one in the W arm, lead down from the island into the moat. The original Bradley Hall occupied the site in the early 14th century. It was rebuilt in 1460 and again in the 17th century, and has been considerably altered since. Bradley Hall and its associated outbuildings, the access drive, all fences and hedged field boundaries, and a telegraph pole are excluded from the scheduling. The ground beneath these features, however, is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Beaumont, W, 'Chetham Society' in Trans.Chetham Society, , Vol. 17, ()
Other
Cheshire SMR, Bradley Hall. Record No. 550/1,
Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Moats, (1988)
Ministry of Housing & Local Govt, Runcorn, RDC. , Provisional List of Buildings of Architectural and Historical Interest, (1962)
Pagination 1-2, Burton, J., Bradley Hall, Appleton. The Moated Site. A Survey and Report, (1984)

National Grid Reference: SJ 65701 84523

Map

Map
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© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1011924 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 18-Nov-2017 at 06:09:43.

End of official listing