Part of Eylesbarrow Reave

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1011977
Date first listed:
09-Oct-1991

Map

Ordnance survey map of Part of Eylesbarrow Reave
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
Devon
District:
West Devon (District Authority)
Parish:
Sheepstor
National Park:
DARTMOOR
National Grid Reference:
SX 57090 66870

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in Southern Britain and because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provides direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early Prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Elaborate complexes of fields and field boundaries are some of the major features of the Dartmoor landscape. They have important implications for studying Prehistoric land divisions and communal systems of land-holding, not just in this region but also nationally. Eylesbarrow Reave is a major watershed reave in the South Moor system; this section is closely associated with two cairns immediately on its south side.

Details

The Dartmoor reaves are part of a highly elaborate and extensive system of Prehistoric land division, introduced some time around 1700 BC. The reaves consist of simple linear stone and earth banks used to mark out discrete territories, some of which are defined by parallel, contour and watershed reaves, dividing the lower land from the grazing zones of the higher moor. Eylesbarrow Reave is a watershed reave which separates the watershed of the Plym from that of the Meavy, it extends from the Plym at Cadworthy Wood to the summit of Eylesbarrow, a distance of approximately 6km. Though the reave can be traced from end to end, there are now gaps along its length which result in its preservation in separate sections of unequal length. This section runs across a spur on the 320m contour and down the north-east slope of Ringmoor Down and Gutter Tor for a distance of some 700m and consists of a stone and earth bank up to 0.75m in height and 3m in width. There are two cairns immediately on its south side.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
10627
Legacy System:
RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Fleming, A, The Dartmoor Reaves, (1988)
Other
SX56NE-278, SX56NE-278, (1990)

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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