Moated site north-west of Mill Hill House Farm

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1012109
Date first listed:
19-Oct-1973
Date of most recent amendment:
19-Mar-1991

Map

Ordnance survey map of Moated site north-west of Mill Hill House Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District:
Cheshire West and Chester (Unitary Authority)
Parish:
Eccleston
National Grid Reference:
SJ 40088 62550

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site NW of Mill Hill House Farm survives essentially undamaged and retains considerable archaeological potential for the recovery of evidence of building foundations within the interior.

Details

The moated site NW of Mill Hill House Farm includes a slightly irregularly-shaped moat averaging 1m deep and a nearly square island c.42m x 38m which is defined by the moat. Most moats were constructed between 1250-1350 and are generally seen as the prestigious residences of the Lords of the manor. The moat in such circumstances marked the high status of the occupier, but also served to deter casual raiders and wild animals. The moat NW of Mill Hill House Farm is presently dry although heavy rain accumulates in the S arm. Ridge and furrow runs to the outer edge of the ditch all around the site and has obliterated any evidence of an outer bank.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
13418
Legacy System:
RSM

Sources

Other
Cheshire SMR RN 1966,
Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Moats, (1988)

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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