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Huntington Hall moated site

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Huntington Hall moated site

List entry Number: 1012112

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Cheshire West and Chester

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Huntington

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 03-Dec-1951

Date of most recent amendment: 19-Mar-1991

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 13416

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site at Huntington Hall survives relatively undamaged and is therefore of high archaeological potential. The waterlogged fishponds and the waterlogged and silted moat provide ideal conditions for the survival of organic remains while the interior will hold evidence of the organisation and development of the original Huntington Hall.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The moated site at Huntington Hall comprises a large slightly irregularly shaped moat 10m wide x 2m deep surrounding a rectangular island 165m E-W x 110m N-S internally subdivided into four enclosures. Most moats were constructed between 1250-1350 and are general seen as the prestigious residences of the Lords of the manor. The moat marked the high status of the occupier but also served to deter casual raiders and wild animals. The moat is waterlogged along most of its S arm and the S half of its E arm with the remainder being dry or waterlogged/silted and choked with vegetation. It drains through outlet channels at the NW and SW corners. An outer bank encircles the moat apart from the SE where landscaping has been undertaken. Access to the island is via a sandstone bridge and a causeway, (both included in the scheduling), both of which lead into the E enclosure. Two dry ditches running N - S divide the island into enclosures with the W enclosure containing three waterfilled fishponds complete with dams and outlet channels. The central enclosure is further divided by a dry E-W ditch linking the N-S ditches. In medieval times the site was owned by the church and was referred to in 1348 as `the grange of the abbot of Chester at Huntington'. All fences and hedges surrounding the monument are excluded from the scheduling. The ground beneath these features, however, is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Longley, D, The Victoria History of the County of Cheshire, (1980)
Other
Cheshire SMR RN 1944/1/2,
Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Moats, (1988)

National Grid Reference: SJ 41966 63466

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1012112 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 21-Nov-2017 at 07:32:58.

End of official listing