Bowl barrow 400m north-east of Buckholt Farm in Mounts Wood

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1012143

Date first listed: 16-Jan-1975

Date of most recent amendment: 04-Jan-1991

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 400m north-east of Buckholt Farm in Mounts Wood
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Kent

District: Canterbury (District Authority)

Parish: Petham

National Grid Reference: TR 10612 50437

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite the limited disrurbance to the monument caused by small-scale partial excavation and by the roots of fallen trees, the monument retains significant archaeological potential because less than one-fifth of the mound has been affected and because the original ground surface and the entire ditch survive apparently undisturbed. These areas will hold evidence of the manner and duration of use of the monument and of the environment in which it was created

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow which comprises an earthen mound and an encircling ditch. The mound measures 21m in diameter and stands to a height of 1.6m. An old excavation trench 1m wide extends from the southern margin of the mound towards the centre. The surrounding ditch has been infilled completely by erosion from the mound and by leaf litter so that it is no longer visible on the surface. It was dug originally to provide the earth for the mound. The mound and ditch together have a diameter of approximately 26m.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 12819

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)
SMR No. TR 15 SW 18,

End of official listing