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Wayside cross on Bradfield Moor known as New Cross

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Wayside cross on Bradfield Moor known as New Cross

List entry Number: 1012158


The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.


District: Sheffield

District Type: Metropolitan Authority

Parish: Bradfield

National Park: PEAK DISTRICT

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 27-Feb-1995

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 27215

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Wayside crosses are one of several types of Christian cross erected during the medieval period, mostly from the 9th to 15th centuries AD. In addition to serving the function of reiterating and reinforcing the Christian faith amongst those who passed the cross and of reassuring the traveller, wayside crosses often fulfilled a role as waymarkers, especially in difficult and otherwise unmarked terrain. The crosses might be on regularly used routes linking ordinary settlements or on routes having a more specifically religious function, including those providing access to religious sites for parishioners and funeral processions, or marking long-distance routes frequented on pilgrimages. Over 350 wayside crosses are known nationally, concentrated in south west England throughout Cornwall and on Dartmoor where they form the commonest type of stone cross. A small group also occurs on the North York Moors. Relatively few examples have been recorded elsewhere and these are generally confined to remote moorland locations. Outside Cornwall almost all wayside crosses take the form of a `Latin' cross, in which the cross-head itself is shaped within the projecting arms of an unenclosed cross. In Cornwall wayside crosses vary considerably in form and decoration. The commonest type includes a round, or `wheel', head on the faces of which various forms of cross or related designs were carved in relief or incised, the spaces between the cross arms possibly pierced. The design was sometimes supplemented with a relief figure of Christ and the shaft might bear decorative panels and motifs. Less common forms in Cornwall include the `Latin' cross and, much rarer, the simple slab with a low relief cross on both faces. Rare examples of wheel-head and slab-form crosses also occur within the North York Moors group. Most wayside crosses have either a simple socketed base or show no evidence for a separate base at all. Wayside crosses contribute significantly to our understanding of medieval religious customs and sculptural traditions and to our knowledge of medieval routeways and settlement patterns. All wayside crosses which survive as earth- fast monuments, except those which are extremely damaged and removed from their original locations, are considered worthy of protection.

Though missing its shaft and cross head, the socle of New Cross is reasonably well preserved and exhibits an unusual form illustrating the diversity of this class of monument. Its importance is enhanced by its being in its original location.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument is located on Bradfield Moor which is part of the north eastern gritstone moors of the Peak District. It is a medieval wayside cross whose remains include the socle or socket stone of the cross. Originally there would also have been a shaft and cross head but these components are now missing. The socle comprises a roughly dressed gritstone block measuring approximately 70cm square at the base and 70cm high. In form it consists of a truncated pyramid with a 15cm wide vertical band at the base and possible traces of corner stops. A narrower vertical band can also be seen round the top. This, however, is only easily traceable on the south or leeward side as weathering has almost obliterated it on the remaining three sides. The monument appears to be undecorated although two parallel diagonal lines on the east face may represent the remains of ornamentation. The large socket hole, measuring 35cm square by 15cm deep, indicates that the missing cross shaft would have been substantial and visible for miles around. This suggests that the cross marked a former packhorse route across the moor though it may, alternatively, have been a boundary cross. The loose stone currently sitting in the socket hole does not appear to be part of the original shaft though this has not been verified.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Hill, Angela Shackleton, (1994)
South Yorkshire SMR (PI 150), Remains of New Cross, Bradfield Moor,

National Grid Reference: SK 21608 92869


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This copy shows the entry on 20-Jan-2018 at 05:17:37.

End of official listing