Bell barrow on Cockcrow Hill

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1012204

Date first listed: 16-Nov-1934

Date of most recent amendment: 07-Jul-1993

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bell barrow on Cockcrow Hill
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Surrey

District: Guildford (District Authority)

Parish: Ockham

County: Surrey

District: Guildford (District Authority)

Parish: Wisley

National Grid Reference: TQ 07899 59135

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bell barrows, the most visually impressive form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating to the Early and Middle Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 1500-1100 BC. They occur either in isolation or in round barrow cemeteries and were constructed as single or multiple mounds covering burials, often in pits, and surrounded by an enclosure ditch. The burials are frequently accompanied by weapons, personal ornaments and pottery and appear to be those of aristocratic individuals, usually men. Bell barrows (particularly multiple barrows) are rare nationally, with less than 250 known examples, most of which are in Wessex. Their richness in terms of grave goods provides evidence for chronological and cultural links amongst early prehistoric communities over most of southern and eastern England as well as providing an insight into their beliefs and social organisation. As a particularly rare form of round barrow, all identified bell barrows would normally be considered to be of national importance.

Despite partial excavation, the bell barrow on Cockcrow Hill survives well and contains archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bell barrow situated on a slight rise in the Bagshot Sands. The central mound is up to 20m in diameter and 1.5m high. Surrounding this is a slightly sloping platform, or berm, c.5.5m wide and at a height of 1.5m above the surrounding ground surface from which material was taken during the construction of the monument. The overall diameter of the raised area is 44m. The barrow was partially excavated in 1911 when a cremation burial was discovered.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 20156

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Surrey Archaeological Collections' in Surrey Barrows 1934-1987: A Reappraisal, (1987)
Other
Ordnance Survey, TQ 05 NE 7, (1966)

End of official listing