One of a number of cairns with cists south of Shavercombe Brook

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1012213

Date first listed: 29-Nov-1991

Map

Ordnance survey map of One of a number of cairns with cists south of Shavercombe Brook
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: South Hams (District Authority)

Parish: Shaugh Prior

National Park: DARTMOOR

National Grid Reference: SX 59570 65792

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in Southern Britain and because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early Prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. This cairn is a comparatively well-preserved example of a cairn with a cist lying on the valley slope. Its relationship to other cairns indicates the wealth of evidence relating to the ritual side of Prehistoric life on this part of the Moor.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

Many examples of Prehistoric funerary monuments are preserved on Dartmoor, mostly dating to the Bronze Age (c.2500-500 BC). To celebrate or commemorate the dead, mounds of earth or stone were piled in a roughly hemispherical shape over the burial, which was sometimes contained in a small rectangular structure, or cist, made of stone slabs. Some monuments also include kerbstones marking the outer edge of the mound and a surrounding ditch. This cairn with a cist lies on a north-west facing slope south of Shavercombe Brook and south-east of Shavercombe Tor. It consists of a mound 4.5m in diameter and 0.5m in height with traces of a possible retaining kerb, and a central cist. The four slabs of the cist are present, creating a cist 0.8m in length, 0.6m in width and 0.4m in depth and the capstone lies displaced to the north-east. There are several other cairns in the immediate vicinity.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 10652

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Proc. Devon Arch. Soc.' in Dartmoor Barrows (0305 5795), , Vol. 36, (1978), 164
Other
Devon County SMR SX56NE-167, Devon County SMR SX56NE-167,

End of official listing