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Three Bowl Barrows in Elhampark Wood

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Three Bowl Barrows in Elhampark Wood

List entry Number: 1012219

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Kent

District: Shepway

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Elham

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 06-Aug-1974

Date of most recent amendment: 15-Feb-1991

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 12818

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Although erosion, animal burrowing and arboricultural activities have spread the Elhampark Wood barrows to differing extents, in each case they retain significant archaeological potential since the original ground surface, the burials which were placed below ground level and the fill of the ditches survive apparently undisturbed except by tree roots. The close spacing of the barrows also provides the potential to explore the variability of burial practice within the related group.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes three bowl barrows aligned almost north-south, each of which comprises an earthen mound and an encircling ditch, as well as the archaeologically-sensitive area between them. The mound of the southernmost, and largest, of the three measures 41m in diameter and survives to a maximum height of 1.8m. On the western side the mound has been spread by the creation of a forest ride, although the mound still survives here to a height of 0.4m. The surrounding ditch has been infilled by erosion and during arboricultural activities and is not visible on the surface. Some 50m NNE of the centre of the first example is a second bowl barrow the mound of which is 14m in diameter and which stands to a maximum height of 0.4m. Another 50m NNE of the centre of this barrow is the third example, 21m across the mound and 0.5m high. In both of the latter cases the ditch has become infilled with soil and leaf litter so that it is not visible on the surface. The barrows and ditches together form a monument approximately 146m long and 51m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
Darvill, T, Monument Class Description - Bowl barrows, 1988,
TR14 NE7, TR14 NE7,

National Grid Reference: TR 16111 45581

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1012219 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 24-Nov-2017 at 11:34:06.

End of official listing