Enclosure with hut circles on Gutter Tor

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1012224

Date first listed: 11-Jun-1965

Date of most recent amendment: 21-Oct-1991

Map

Ordnance survey map of Enclosure with hut circles on Gutter Tor
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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This copy shows the entry on 10-Dec-2018 at 20:33:15.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Sheepstor

National Park: DARTMOOR

National Grid Reference: SX 57702 66790

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in Southern Britain and because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provides direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. This enclosure on Gutter Tor is a well-preserved example with hut circles. It provides important insights into farming practices on the Moor during the prehistoric period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The Dartmoor landscape includes many discrete plots of land enclosed by stone walls or earth and stone banks, which acted as stock pens or protected areas for crop growing. Some of them were subdivided to accommodate hut dwellings for farmers and herdsmen. Many examples date to the Bronze Age (c.2500-500BC) though earlier and later ones also exist. This enclosure with hut circles on Gutter Tor is sub-rectangular and lies on flattish ground just south of the outcrops of Gutter Tor. It measures 80m by 50m and is delimited by a stone-faced bank of earth and stone 1.5m to 4m in width and 0.3m in height, with a possible entrance near the eastern corner. The enclosure has three hut circles within it, two attached to the wall and one near the centre, with possible vestiges of four more. The huts range from 5m to 10m in diameter, with walls up to 1m in height and up to 2m in thickness, faced on both sides by slabs of stone. The central hut has an entrance in its south-west wall. The site is crossed by a corn ditch and a modern fence which follows the same line; The fence is excluded from the scheduling.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 10595

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
SX 56 NE 003,

End of official listing